Jaw surgery, or also known as orthognathic surgery, is the procedure that operates not only the jaw but also the parts surrounding and affecting the parts and structures of the face. It could be related to facial structure, teeth alignment, or even problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is the joint connection of a person’s skull and jaw. The need for jaw surgery or corrective jaw surgery, as it’s also most popularly referred to, can even come from sleeping problems like sleep apnea and teeth grinding.
Because of the multiple causes, including everyday habits, people undergoing jaw surgery for correction isn’t such a rare choice. Most people choose to go through with it for comfort and for fixing any bite disabilities they have and or facial irregularities. Jaw surgery may be most convenient for those who seek it for correction, and it’s also used for aesthetics and improving physical features.
Although, it’s immensely important and advantageous to know that there are different types of surgeries and methods for each jaw problem. Having this knowledge can help you identify the risks that come from undergoing jaw surgery as well as its advantages.
Jaw Surgery Types: Where and What For?
For the three main types of jaw surgery, we have three focuses. First is the Maxillary Osteotomy that deals with the upper jaw, and the second is called the Mandibular Osteotomy that focuses on the lower part of the jaw. These types of surgeries are essential when it comes to correcting jaw misalignment by either pushing it back or forward. Whatever the purpose may be, either for aesthetic reasons or personal comfort, people can turn to experienced oral surgeons for answers.
Aside from dealing with the upper and lower jaw, the third type is the Genioplasty which now deals with chin restructuring or augmentation. So for overbite and underbite correction plus upper and lower jaw surgeries, these problems can be treated accordingly.
A Solution to Smaller Jaws
Some people are born with jaw deficiencies such as the Pierre Robin syndrome wherein the infant’s lower jaw is smaller than the average size. In addition, their tongue is pushed at the back of their throats, making it difficult to breathe. Other people are just born with lower jaws smaller than the average size. Thus, jaw surgeries provide the opportunity to correct that. Correcting the small lower jaw means adjusting to make the upper and lower teeth match and at the same time adding onto the chin area as well. This can be done through braces but is not applicable for every person all the time.
People engage in lower jaw surgery for the satisfaction of fixing a protruding jaw, or a jaw not seen enough. After the correctional surgery, dramatic changes can be seen not only physically but also in jaw function. Dentofacial deformities can be quickly turned around to the hands of an experienced surgeon. But with this opportunity at hand, it does come with risks.
The Risks Jaw Surgery Holds
No matter how careful you may be or how great and experienced the surgeon hired is, the risks of surgery isn’t entirely erased. Undergoing surgery is something people must think through and over. Here are the following possible risks jaw surgery holds:
Infection Totally avoiding infections and leaving yourself protected 100 percent isn’t possible as anything can happen. Also, an infection can trigger something even worse than what you started with. Severe infections can even cause more damage to more than just the jaw, but to other body parts as well.
Nerve Injury There’s always the risk of getting a nerve injured when it comes to any surgical action. Nerve injuries can be painful and can limit movement for a while. This particular problem can be caused by a direct or an indirect trauma to the nerves.
Bite Problems Further problems may arise from the operation like bite problems and improper alignment that can make you feel very uncomfortable. This can possibly lead to problems with eating that can be addressed with the use of nutritional supplements or a consultation with the surgeon.
Jaw Relapse The operation does not guarantee that the jaw will not and cannot return to its previous state before the operation. Depending on circumstances like how well did the operation go and how well you’re adapting, it can show different results for every person.
Needed Procedures for Teeth Jaw surgery included the teeth placement and structure of the mouth. Once it gets disrupted, some additional procedures may be needed for your teeth such as root canal.
Fracturing of Jaw Jaw fractures are not impossible when it comes to the risks of jaw surgery. The fracturing of the jaw can result from trauma when a force is acted on it, and also from adjusting to the surgery itself.
More Surgeries Another risk is more surgeries following the first procedure. It’s uncertain what problems will occur since jaw surgery differs from person to person, but if something does come up, then a domino effect of surgeries may follow.
Although the option of jaw surgery may not be the best choice for all who have jaw deformities, it can still be quite helpful for those who opt for it while still considering the possible risks and also the kind of surgery they’ll be undergoing. Jaw surgery can be the answer to freeing yourself from discomfort or perhaps attaining the features you want. Just be sure to contact the right jaw surgeon with the skills and experience to lessen risks and also to make sure it’s done right.