dental surgery

4 Surgical Orthodontic Procedures To Fix Your Teeth And Jaw

Any kind of surgery shouldn’t be taken so easily, and dental surgery is no different. When your dentist suggests having dental surgery for a problem in your mouth, it’s quite understandable that you might be a little hesitant to go through with the procedure. But don’t you worry. Dental surgery is a very broad term that includes everything from a simple tooth extraction to a more complicated procedure such as a dental implant surgery.

Dental surgery can relieve discomfort and pain, and can likely improve the function and appearance of your smile. It’s usually done in extreme cases or where other dental treatments have failed to reduce or relieve the problem.

A lot of people hate the idea of having surgery, but there are times when it is the most fitting option which will be beneficial in the long run. If you are in severe pain and discomfort, then dental surgery may be the only answer.

Here are four surgical orthodontic procedures that will help you get a deeper understanding of how each works.

1. Tooth Extraction

Tooth extractions are likely the most common dental procedure that oral surgeons have already performed. In most cases, patients are often given advice for tooth extraction when wisdom teeth are closely impacted, forming in an awkward position where they grow into the bite correctly. Minor surgery is usually required to remove the wisdom tooth and is recommended even if the impacted tooth isn’t producing any symptoms.

Tooth extraction may also be used for the removal of an ailing tooth. This is usually done with a tooth that has decayed to the extent that it cannot be repaired anymore. Extraction is usually done at the request of the patient and is way cheaper compared to repairing the decayed tooth. Patients might also choose to have tooth extraction when they are planning to get dentures.

Dental extractions are less performed than they have used to be, but there are still some occasions where a tooth will have to be removed.

tooth extraction

Here are some incidents where a tooth will need to be removed:

– A tooth that is seriously damaged due to decay or trauma and can no longer be repaired
– The alignment of teeth when they no longer fit well in the mouth
– Abnormal growth of Wisdom tooth
– Severe Periodontal or Gum Disease problems
– Unpleasant-looking teeth, such as those with stains

Advantages

  • Surrounding teeth can be protected. If you’re dealing with a major tooth infection, your entire mouth is at risk. And if you ignore an infection, it will only continue to grow and get worse over time, which may spread the infection throughout your mouth. With tooth extractions, you can easily protect the surrounding teeth.
  • Improve Comfort. In some cases, your tooth might have been broken, and you may have experience trouble eating and speaking on a daily basis. With tooth extraction, surgeons can directly remove the source of your discomfort for a much more pleasant experience.
  • A great first and final option. If you have a tooth that is severely infected or damaged, then you may feel like you’re running out of options. With a tooth extraction, it will provide you with a final option even after restorative solutions prove inadequate.

2. Corrective Jaw Surgery

Corrective Jaw (Orthognathic) Surgery is sometimes required when other dental treatments are not enough to correct or fix a misaligned bite. In some cases, a jaw surgery is necessary to repair or treat severe orthodontic conditions, skeletal problems, and other birth defects. With this type of procedure, the bones of the face and jaw may be reshaped and repositioned, as well as the jaws and teeth realigned properly. In many cases, oral surgeons will have to work closely with the orthodontists in planning and carrying out how the surgery will work, especially when orthodontics alone can’t correct the problem.

Sometimes, corrective jaw surgery is highly recommended to achieve the proper alignment of the teeth or jaws. Sometimes, the jaws can fall short of proper alignment for a number of reasons, which in turn affects the relationship between the top and bottom teeth.

corrective jaw surgery

Some common examples of skeletal defects may include:

– Small or weak chin
– Prominent or protruding chin
– Open bite (Top and bottom teeth do not come together when the mouth is completely closed.)
– Chronic TMJ or dysfunction of the jaw joint
– Sleep apnea or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
– Difficult biting or chewing
– Congenital (birth) defects

Advantages

  • Make Chewing Easier. This type of surgery can help those who have difficulties in swallowing or even chewing food due to the misalignment of the jaw. Correcting the jaw will make the necessary daily activities more enjoyable.
  • Relieve Pain. With jaw surgery in place, the chronic joint pain of the jaw will no longer happen. Straining from the teeth can become a major issue since the mouth will not be closed properly. Jaw surgery can ease the pain, relieve pressure and make life more comfortable.
  • Sleeping Comfortably. A lot of patients who have corrective jaw surgery have issues when it comes to breathing and sleeping. Having corrective jaw surgery can eliminate the cause of sleep apnea and allow for more time to rest and a more productive lifestyle.
  • Improvement of Speech. The improper alignment of the teeth and jaw can have a tremendous effect on speech. This is particularly important in growing children who is in the process of learning words and pronunciations. Correcting the jaw can improve speech and prevent difficulties in the future.

3. Pre-Prosthetic Surgery

Some patients may have to undergo minor oral surgical procedures before receiving a partial or complete denture to receive maximum level of comfort. The preparation for your mouth before the placement of a prosthesis is commonly referred to as pre-prosthetic surgery.

In this procedure, a denture sits on the bone ridge, so it is very important that the bone is in the proper shape and size. If a tooth needs to be extracted, the underlying bone might be left uneven. To get the best fit of a denture, the bone might need to smoothen out or reshaped. Occasionally, the excess bone would have to be removed before any denture insertion.

Pre-Prosthetic Surgery

With the pre-prosthetic surgery, the following procedures might need to be completed to prepare in the process:

– Exposure of impacted teeth
– Bone smoothing and reshaping
– Bone ridge reduction
– Removal of excess bone
– Removal of excess gum tissue

Advantages

  • Improve your comfort. Pre-Prosthetic Surgery can help keep your dentures from shifting out of place and from putting a lot of pressure in the wrong area as you try to bite.
  • Eat foods with greater confidence. If dentures don’t fit properly, food can get stuck beneath, and can likely move them out of place. Having Pre-Prosthetic Surgery can prevent these kinds of problems.
  • Improved appearance. Pre-Prosthetic Surgery can feel and look like it’s your own teeth after the surgery. And because they are created to fuse with the bone, they become permanently placed.

4. Dental Implants

There are millions of Americans who suffer tooth loss, mostly due to tooth decay, injury or periodontal disease. During the past years, the only dental treatment available for people with missing teeth were bridges and dentures. But today, dental implants are now widely available.

It is a two-stage process which mainly involves the addition of a small metal embedded into the jaw, which then combines with the natural bone of the jaw. Once it’s placed, a device called an ‘abutment’ is applied to the implant which acts as a connection between it and the artificial tooth.

There are numerous advantages to choosing a dental implant for any other tooth replacement options. The missing teeth can be replaced without considerably affecting the neighboring teeth. And because dental implants blend well into the bone structure, they are very durable and can have the feel and look of one’s own teeth.

dental implants

Dental implants are great dental procedures as it provides a solid foundation for fixed or removable replacement of teeth.

Advantages

  • Improved speech. Having poor-fitting dentures can make the teeth slip within the mouth causing you to mumble or slur your words. But with the use of dental
    Improved comfort. Dental implants eliminate the discomfort of having removable dentures since it is already part of your mouth.
  • Easier eating. Sliding dentures often create uneasiness while chewing. With dental implants, it’ll function well like your own teeth, allowing you to eat foods with confidence and without pain.
  • Convenience. As the name implies, removable dentures are removable. However, dental implants can eliminate the need of wearing dentures, as well as the need for adhesives to keep them in proper place.

Getting Dental Surgeries

Dental surgeries can have a great cause of worry for many people with dental problems. However, it is necessary that you talk to your dentist if you have any concerns about the surgery you opt for. You should also get a second opinion so that you can guarantee that surgery is the best solution for your dental problem. Ask all your queries and get advice from your dentist before undergoing the process. Stay relaxed and calm before your surgery. All dental surgeries are usually not that complicated, and usually lasts for a few hours unless the doctor advise you to stay longer.